Flashback Friday: Siege of Pensacola lifted

We had previously discussed that  in 1707 the first English/Creek Indian siege of Pensacola was lifted and the Spanish remained in control of West Florida. This was part of the hostilities associated with Queen Anne’s War.  We discussed the siege of St Augustine in April 2013 when the British came dangerously close to taking East Florida. However the siege was lifted and  Spanish control of East Florida was maintained.

Months later the British tried again. This week in 1707, Pensacola was saved from potential British occupation. The following is from Wikipedia:

The second siege began with the arrival on November 27 of a contingent of about 20 Carolina traders and 300 Creeks, primarily Tallapoosas and Alabamas. On that day, an Englishman (unidentified in Spanish reports, but possibly Thomas Nairne) brought a demand for surrender written in English. Since none of the Spaniards could read it, he was sent away, and the demand was eventually transmitted orally by a French Huguenot. Moscoso rejected the demand, even though his garrison was depleted by disease. The besiegers began an ineffectual attack on the fort around midnight which lasted until daybreak, at which point they delivered a final surrender demand. Moscoso again refused. In order to supplement his forces, he successfully recruited convicts being held in the fort’s guardhouse to participate in the defense, offering them freedom and money for their service. During each of the next two nights the besiegers renewed their attacks on the fort, without significant effect. During the night of November 29/30, one of the leading Creek chiefs was killed. This apparently broke the besiegers’ morale, for the siege was lifted the following morning. The attackers were reported to have suffered significant casualties.[16]

Word of the attacking force had reached the French at Mobile on November 24. Governor Jean-Baptiste Le Moyne de Bienville raised a force of 100 Frenchmen and 400 Indians. They reached Pensacola on December 8, only to learn that the siege had been lifted a week earlier.

Pensacola would eventually fall into British hands in 1763 like the rest of Florida and would be the scene of a great battle in 1814 between the United States led by General Andrew Jackson, the British and Spanish. That is the subject we will cover next week.

 

 

 

One comment

  1. […] On this day in 1707, the first siege of Pensacola was lifted. The town was destroyed by the British and the Crown’s Creek Indian allies but Spanish rule persisted due to the defense of Fort San Carlos de Austria . This was part of the hostilities associated with Queen Anne’s War.  We discussed the siege of St Augustine in April 2013 when the British came dangerously close to taking East Florida. However the siege was lifted and  Spanish control of East Florida was maintained.  The British tried twice to seize Pensacola but the first siege was beat back on this day in 1707, and the second siege was lifted in December 1707. […]

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